Pay for performance did not reduce 30 day mortality rates

The Premier Hospital Quality Incentive Demonstration (Premier HQID), a 6-year demonstration of pay for performance for hospitals, did not reduce 30-day mortality more than hospital quality reporting alone, according to a study in the New England Journal of Medicine.

For the study, researchers compared Medicare 30-day mortality rates for hospitals participating in the Premier HQID to a group of control hospitals participating in public reporting alone.  Patients included in the study had acute myocardial infarction, congestive heart failure, pneumonia, or underwent coronary-artery bypass grafting between 2003 and 2009.

The study found no difference in 30 day mortality rates between the two groups.

(Sources: AHA News Now, http://ahanews.com, March 29, 2012, New England Journal of Medicine, http://www.nejm.org, March 28, 2012)