The Centers for Disease Control has issued updated guidelines for preventing bloodstream infections in patients with intravascular catheters. The recommendations were last updated in 2002.
The updated guidelines include:
- Educate healthcare personnel regarding the indications for intravascular catheter use, proper procedures for the insertion and maintenance of intravascular catheters, and appropriate infection control measures to prevent intravascular catheter-related infections.
- Periodically assess knowledge of and adherence to guidelines for all personnel involved in the insertion and maintenance of intravascular catheters.
- Designate only trained personnel who demonstrate competence for the insertion and maintenance of peripheral and central intravascular catheters.
- Ensure appropriate nursing staff levels in ICUs.
The revisions are based on the work of the Michigan Keystone Project, which has been found to significantly lower the rate of BSI’s.